Mahendra Singh Dhoni,
महेन्द्र सिंह धोनी) (born July 7, 1981
Bihar) (now in
Jharkhand) is an Indian
and the current
captain of the
Indian national cricket team Initially recognized as an extravagantly
flamboyant and destructive batsman, Dhoni has come to be regarded as one of
the coolest heads to captain the Indian ODI side. Under his captaincy, India
won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, CB Series of 2007–08 , and the
Trophy 2008 in which they beat Australia 2–0. He also captained
Kings to victory in the recent
IPL 2010. He is now captain of India in all
three forms of the game and also led the team to their first ever
bilateral ODI series wins in
Sri Lanka and
New Zealand. Dhoni
also led team India to number one position in ICC rankings in test cricket
for the first time. Dhoni has also been the recipient of many awards
ICC ODI Player of the Year award in 2008 and 2009 (the first Indian
player to achieve this feat), the
Khel Ratna award and the
Padma Shri, India's
fourth highest civilian honour in 2009. As of January 2010, Dhoni is the
highest ranked ODI batsman on the ICC Rankings List. Dhoni was named as
Wisden's first-ever Dream Test XI Team in 2009 and has topped the list
of world’s top 10 earning cricketers compiled by
He was named as the captain of ICC World Test and ICC ODI teams for 2009.
Mahendra Singh Dhoni was born in
Bihar (now in
Jharkhand) to Pan Singh
and Devaki Devi.
His paternal village Lvali is in the Lamgarha block of the
Almora District of
Uttarakhand. Dhoni's parents, moved from
Uttarakhand to Ranchi
where Pan Singh worked in junior management positions in
MECON. Dhoni has a sister Jayanti and a brother Narendra. Dhoni had long
hair which he has now shortened; he cut it because he wanted to look like
his favourite film star John Abraham.He likes Bikes A Hummer to add to the
four cars and 23 high-speed motorcycles already parked in his garage in
Ranchi.He is endorsing 15 brands from clothes to cold Drinks. And, he is one
of the highest income tax payers in last year
 Dhoni is a fan of
and his childhood idols were cricket teammate
and singer Lata
Dhoni studied at
DAV Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali,(now the school is known as JVM ,
Shyamli, Ranchi) Ranchi, Jharkhand where he initially excelled in
football and was selected at district and club level in these
sports.Dhoni was a
goalkeeper for his football team and was sent to play cricket for a
local cricket club by his football coach. Though he had not played cricket,
Dhoni impressed with his wicket-keeping skills and became the regular
wicketkeeper at the Commando cricket club (1995–1998). Based on his
performance at club cricket, he was picked for the 1997/98 season Vinoo
Mankad Trophy Under-16 Championship and he performed well.
Dhoni focused on cricket after his 10th
Dhoni married Sakshi (née Rawat) on July 04, 2010. Sakshi
Dhoni, a Kolkata girl, is studying hotel management and was working as a
trainee at the Taj Bengal when the two of them met two years ago. The
wedding stumped the media and the fans as it took place only a day after the
couple got engaged.
Bipasha Basu, a close friend of Dhoni, was quick to inform the media
that the wedding was planned for months and was not a spur of the moment
Dhoni is a right-handed
wicket-keeper. Dhoni is one of the number of wicket-keepers who have
come through the ranks of junior and India A cricket teams to represent the
national team — Parthiv
Patel, Ajay Ratra
and Dinesh Karthik
also followed this route. Dhoni, referred to as 'Mahi' by his friends,
debuted in the
Bihar cricket team during the 1998/99 cricket season and was selected to
represent India-A for a tour to
Kenya in 2004. Along with
Dhoni made multiple centuries against the Pakistan-A team in a tri-nation
series and was selected in the Indian national team later in that year.[citation
Mahendra Singh Dhoni breaks the stumps of a South
African batsman during a match in Chennai in 2008.
Dhoni tends to play mostly from the back foot with a
pronounced bottom hand grip. He has a very fast hand speed through the ball
which often results in the ball racing across the ground. From this initial
stance his feet do not show much movement which sometimes results in chasing
balls while not coming to the pitch of the ball or inside edging a lot of
Dhoni scored 148 against
Pakistan in his fifth
ODI match in 2005 — then the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper.
Later in the year, he broke his own record as well as set the current world
record for the highest score in the second innings in ODI matches as he
scored 183* against
Sri Lanka. Dhoni's success in the limited overs format secured him a
place in the test team. Consistent performances in ODI cricket through the
end of the 2005/06 season saw Dhoni briefly ranked as the No. 1 batsman in
ICC ODI ratings.
Dhoni's form dipped through 2006 as India lost matches at
ICC Champions trophy,
DLF Cup, away bilateral series against
West Indies and
South Africa. A return to form in the home series against West Indies
and Sri Lanka in early 2007 proved to be an inaccurate indicator of Dhoni's
form as India crashed out of the first round in the
World Cup. Dhoni was out for a
duck in both India's losses. After the World Cup, Dhoni won the
Man of the series award in the bilateral ODI tournament against
Bangladesh. For the
tour of England, Dhoni was named the ODI team vice-captain.
Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99
season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished
fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni
was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of
India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy).
Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000
Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of
357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by
Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate
Yuvraj Singh making
Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12
innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.
MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but
scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and
finished last in the tournament.
Dhoni made his
Ranji Trophy debut
Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half
century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against
Assam cricket team.
Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his
maiden first-class century against
Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.
Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01
did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored
just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.
Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included
three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in
the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his
lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style.
In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*)
against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the
East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed
with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked
over International cricketer
Deep Dasgupta to
represent East zone.
He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.
India A team
He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season,
especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour
Against the Zimbabwe XI in
Harare Sports Club,
Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in
In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A',
Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a
Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120
against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings,
Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the
captain – Sourav Ganguly
and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach
recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as
Indian Premier League
M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the
Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in
IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by
Dhoni is the present captain of the
ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10
match average while the orange line indicates career average
The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of
Rahul Dravid as the
wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting
The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen
from the junior ranks with talents like
Parthiv Patel and
Dinesh Karthik –
India U-19 Captains in the test squads.
With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI
squad for the
Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.
Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting
run out for a duck on
In spite of an average series against
Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.
In the second match of the
series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in
Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier
record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,
a record that he would re-write before the end of the year.
Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games
Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted
to No. 3 in the third ODI at
Stadium (Jaipur). Sri
Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a
century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to
accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145
balls, winning the game for India
– an innings described in
Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.
The innings set various
records including the highest Individual score in ODI cricket in the
a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run
and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December
2005, Dhoni was signed by
BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to
his performance on the cricketing field.
scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of
Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the
last eight overs and lost the match due to
In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious
situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries
to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.
The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77
runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.
In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook
Ricky Ponting as
number one in the
ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.
His reign lasted just a week as
Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.
Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the
withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns
and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed
due to rain,
was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament –
DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three
games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed
in the 2006
ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to
West Indies and
Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The
story of the
ODI series in
South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139
runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI
ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged
25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former
Preparations for the
World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over
West Indies and
Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series.
However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to
Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a
duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After
the loss to
World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi
was vandalized and damaged by political activists of
The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the
World cup in the first round.
Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by
scoring 91* against
Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the
run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his
fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series
after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good
Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a
blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd
Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team
for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent
India-England 7-match ODI series.
Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an
'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of
Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2
September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's
international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by
catching 5 English players and stumping one.
He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a
victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24
September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup
in any form of cricket, after
Kapil Dev. Dhoni took
his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled
Travis Dowlin from
West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an
aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured
knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6
wickets, in the third ODI.
Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several
months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him
for the top spot in the beginning of 2010.
Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198
runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also
the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the
latter having played in 30 innings.
Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10
innings average while the orange line indicates career average
Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni
Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.
Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came
to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept
falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man
Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring
rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and
the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.
India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni
scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left
in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by
Irfan Pathan with
the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical
aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls
after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.
Dhoni at fielding practice.
Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic
batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that
India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going
into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in
the third test at
Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply
to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many
catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping
opportunity of Andrew
Dhoni failed to collect the
delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a
target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the
reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni
scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well
as his shot selections.
West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the
first Test at Antigua.
The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in
the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni
finished the series with 13 catches and 4
stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and
47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India
lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first
ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match).
Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.
On the fourth day of the first Test match at
St John's, Antigua
India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off
Dave Mohammed to
the midwicket region was caught by
Daren Ganga. As the
batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when
confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on
the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were
inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side,
Brian Lara, wanted
Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse
continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with
finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire
Asad Rauf. Ultimately,
Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was
delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former
players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions
but was not fined by the match referee.
Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in
2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With
this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the
first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this
series, which is their highest test total ever.
Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for
ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.
India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against
Pakistan in a thrilling contest.
He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the
seven-match ODI series against
Australia in September 2007.
He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and
final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing
Anil Kumble who
retired from cricket after the third test.
India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained
Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against
South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively.
It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in
the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India
in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans
in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings.
Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI
series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second
one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee
career records by opposition
- On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145
balls against Sri Lanka in
Jaipur, which is the highest score made by any batsman in the second
innings (surpassing Lara's previous record of 153).
- The innings featured 10 Sixes - the most by an
Indian in an innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket after
the 12 scored by
Marshall of the West Indies.
- He broke
record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper.
- The innings set the record for the most number of
runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record
held by Saeed
Anwar. However this was later broken by
Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia
during his knock of 175.
- The score of 183* equalled Ganguly's innings
Cricket World Cup as the highest individual score against Sri
- Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50
matches, Dhoni has the highest average.
Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in
- In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and
set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs
against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.
- Dhoni passed
record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in
one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.
Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score
of 130 came in the first match of the
Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final
match of the series.
- Dhoni also holds the records of the most
dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint
with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at
Headlingly 2 September 2007.
- Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals
in ODIs. He went past
India on 14 November 2008 when he caught
Ian Bell off
Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground,
including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th
dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off
Colombo on 24
- Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23
against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed
4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches
+ 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam
Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara
to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history
of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100
dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest
wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days).
Man of the Series Awards
Sri Lanka in
India ODI Series
||346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100,
1x50); 6 Catches & 3
||127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1
Catches & 2 Stumpings
Sri Lanka ODI Series
||193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3
Catches & 1 Stumping
West Indies ODI Series
||182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an
average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping
Man of the Match Awards:
||148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches
||183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch
||72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches
||91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping
||139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings
||50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings
||63, 1 Stumping
||67, 2 Catches
||76, 2 Catches
||McLean Park, Napier
||84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping
||Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia
||46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping
||Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur
||124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout
||101* (107b, 9x4)
career records by opposition
Man of the Match Awards:
||92 & 68*
- Dhoni's maiden century against Pakistan in
is the fastest century scored by an Indian wicket keeper. Only three
centuries by two players (Kamran
Akmal and Adam
Gilchrist – 2) were faster than Dhoni's 93 ball century.
- Under Dhoni's captainship, India defeated Australia
by 320 runs on 21st Oct'08, biggest ever win in terms of runs for India.
- Dhoni holds the record for most catches by an Indian
player in an innings. He achieved this feat by taking six catches during
the first innings of the third test against New Zealand in Wellington in
- Dhoni also equalled
record for most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicket-keeper.
Syed Kirmani has effected 6 dismissals (5 catches and 1 stumping)
against New Zealand in 1976. Dhoni now has equalled that record for most
dismissals with 6 dismissals (all 6 catches) against New Zealand in
- Dhoni currently ranks third in the all-time
dismissals list by Indian wicket-keepers. With the six dismissals in the
first innings of the Test match against
New Zealand in
Dhoni has now been involved in 109 dismissals. The following is the list
of top five Indian wicket-keepers, in terms of all-time dismissals in
test matches: Syed Kirmani (198 dismissals),
Kiran More (130
dismissals), Dhoni (109 dismissals),
(107 dismissals) &
- Dhoni is now the second wicketkeeper to have effected
6 dismissals in an innings apart from a fifty in each innings of a Test
match. Denis Lindsay had accomplished the feat for South Africa against
Johannesburg in December 1966 – 69 & 182 and 6 ct. + 2 ct.
- Under Dhoni's captaincy, India reached their highest
test score of 726–9 (decl) during Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009.
Their 2–0 victory in the series took them to the number 1 ranking in
Test cricket for the first time in history.
- Under Dhoni's captaincy, India had never lost a test
match till the first test versus South Africa in Nagpur in Feb 2010.
- Under Dhoni captaincy Indian team is having world
record for no loss as a Captain up to 11 test matches from debut test,
preceding Australia's Former Captain
Warwik Armstrongs no loss 10 wins as Captain.
MS Dhoni signed with Kolkata-based celebrity management
company Gameplan Sports in April 2005.
Currently Dhoni has 20 endorsements, only Shahrukh Khan has more (21).
In 2007 Dhoni had 17 endorsements.
In July 2010, Dhoni tied up with Rhiti Sports Management and Mindscapes and
has been promised a minimum guarantee of Rs 210 crore over the next three
The following is the list of endorsements signed by Dhoni.
Orient PSPO Fan,
- 2007: Siyaram.
- 2008: Fashion at
Kolkata Fashion Week.
Nova Scottia Premium shirts.
- 2010: Amrapali
Source : wikipedia